Refined Glycerine Specification
Refined Glycerine, also known as glycerol or glycerin, is a simple straight-chain sugar alcohol that has three hydroxyl groups, which results in water solubility and hygroscopicity of glycerin. This is a clear, colorless, odorless, high boiling, viscous liquid. It is naturally sweet and has low toxicity. It has a typical melting point and boiling point of 17.8°C and 290°C, respectively. Refined Glycerine density is 1.26 g/cm³. It comes from petrochemical feedstock. It is utilized in a variety of products, including food, medicine, cosmetics, and personal care items, due to its low toxicity and environmental friendliness. It is also a versatile and valuable product from biodiesel production. Each year, about 950,000 tons are produced in the United States and Europe.
Refined Glycerine Manufacturing Process
Glycerine is obtained from the saponification or transesterification of triglycerides. Triglycerides are esters of glycerol with long-chain carboxylic acids, which are found in fats and oils. The by-products formed are salts of long-chain carboxylic acids. Crude glycerine also comes from the production of biodiesel through the transesterification process. Triglycerides react with alcohols, such as ethanol with small amounts of bases, as a catalyst to give esters of fatty acids and glycerol.
Refined Glycerine Applications
Glycerol is applied in medical, pharmaceutical, and personal care preparations, often as a means of improving smoothness, providing lubrication, and as a humectant. Ichthyosis and xerosis have been relieved by the topical benefits of glycerin. Besides, there is still much more about the applications of this refined glycerine.
Glycerine is an ingredient that is added to foods and drinks to keep them moist, sweeten them, act as a solvent, and preserve the food. It is utilized as a filler in commercial low-fat foods such as cookies and a thickening agent in food products such as liqueurs. Additionally, glycerine may serve as a sugar substitute. Glycerine doesn’t trigger cavities since it does not feed bacteria.
The production of nitroglycerine, a component of explosives and propellants, requires glycerine. Moreover, it can produce allyl iodide with the addition of phosphorus and iodine. They are commonly employed as medicines, preservatives, organometallic catalysts, and polymers, among other things.
Glycerine can form strong hydrogen bonds with water, so glycerol-water bonds are superior to water-water hydrogen bonds. Therefore, the formation of ice is hindered unless the temperature is very low. Due to glycerine’s low toxicity despite being restored by ethylene glycol, this antifreeze is employed in automobiles.
In the pharmaceutical sector, refined glycerine is utilized to improve lubricity and smoothness as well as to maintain moisture. It is widely applied in a variety of medical and pharmaceutical products, such as cough syrup, and personal care products, such as mouthwashes. It is also a component of glycerine soap, which adds essential oils for fragrance. People with sensitive skin apply soap due to the glycerine’s capacity to hold water.
DOWNLOAD TDS & MSDS
Refined Glycerine TDS is available from Tradeasia International in a variety of origins and grades, ranging from sources based on animal fats to vegetables. We’ve included Refined Glycerine MSDS as well, for safety and for handling and storage guidelines.